The European Union recently published a study to explore the correlation between cigarette prices and infant mortality in the European Union, according to the medical online news report.
Although the tobacco industry has made a great contribution to the economy, it has serious consequences for public health and global health. To solve this problem, the same report has been implemented to increase cigarette tax policy, trying to control tobacco use. The results of several studies provide important evidence for increasing the effectiveness of tax policy. Cigarette prices are associated with smoking rates and secondhand smoke trends.
However, many countries have raised taxes on premium cigarettes, resulting in an increase in the cost gap between premium and budget cigarettes. A European study published in the Journal of Pediatrics in the American Medical Association assumes that the differential pricing strategy for premium cigarettes and budget cigarettes limits the impact of reducing smoking because consumers can switch to cheaper alternatives to good quality cigarettes. The study examines the impact of rising cigarette prices and rising rates on infant mortality.
The study uses a dataset of 23 infant populations from different countries in europe. Cigarette price information comes from Rui Rui International, recording the rise in cigarette prices and price differences between premium cigarettes and budget cigarettes. Statistical analysis was used to determine the association between cigarette price and annual infant mortality. All record prices are adjusted for inflation. Factors such as unemployment, smoke-free policies, GDP and education were also considered.
The results showed that the average cigarette price increased by 1 euros per package, and the mortality rate per 1000 babies dropped by 0.23% in the same year, and decreased by 0.16% in the next year. By contrast, the difference between premium cigarettes and budget cigarettes increased by 10%, and the mortality rate for every 1000 babies born in the next year increased by 0.07%. Overall, cigarette prices rose from 2004 to 2014, which was associated with a decline in infant mortality. The study found that if there was no price difference between premium cigarettes and budget cigarettes, it could save 3000 lives.